The famous product of Chios MASTIC mastic, the glassy resin of the Masticbaumes is processed as chewing gum or in the pharmaceutical industry. Mastic, the glassy resin of Masticbaumes is small crumbly harvested and processed as chewing gum or in the pharmaceutical industry. Already in ancient times, the pistachio resin from Chios was regarded as the best. The peripatetic Theophrastus of Lesbos (371 – 287 BC), Pliny the elder (23 – 79 A.d.) and Dioskurides (1st century A.d.), the famous pharmacologist, described in detail this gum-like resin with its purifying and refreshing properties. By 50 A.d., the Pistacia lentiscus is var.
Chia continuously in the South of Chios pissed? planted and used. She seems to thrive on the fertile marl soil. In the middle ages mastic is the basis of the prosperity of the island and that continued even after the conquest of the island by the Ottomans. The most popular drinks in the Ottoman Empire were the mastic ouzo and the mastic liqueur. Of the 22 Masticdorfern (Mastichochoria), which dealt with the Masticproduktion could still retain their original character only Pyrgi and Mesta. Maybe, mastic is one of the few products that have retained their economic significance from ancient times until today. At the end of the 18th century, the annual production amounted to 100,000 kg and is increased until 1970 to 300,000 kg. Today, there are approximately 2 million Masticbaume, which cover an area of 220 hectares, and result in an annual production of 200,000 kg on Chios.
The Masticbaum is a low Evergreen gnarled shrub, often head-height erreicht, with colored leaves. From 1 July, during the hottest time of the year the bark of these trees is pierced every five days at various points by vertical small incisions. At these places? OWS a resin-rich juice that comes in the form of glassy drops on the floor covered with towels. It’s a very expensive crop, but a healthy tree can deliver over 100 years mastic. The collected mastic will be cleansed of impurities with a knife and sorted by seven in different sizes. There are several cooperatives and two marketing companies for the sort of quality varieties, processing, packaging and sale of Mastixcprodukte. The mastic resin is used throughout the world as an additive for natural remedies and for multiple products. In the Iraq approximately 26,000 kg were exported before the war mastic, that was used as an additive for Arak liquor. In African countries, it is popular as the waterproofing of clothes in women as well as chewing gum. For more specific information, check out PCRM. In China and India, it is used as antiseptic agent for the treatment of wounds. In the Orient, the Masticharz is used as a spice in the pastry and cheese production. In Europe, the resin is used for the production of high-quality coatings, adhesives, paints, perfumes, cosmetics and toothpastes, soaps and ointments. In Hellas, a large quantity of resin is used for chewing gum production (doing the drops of resin melted at about 1200 C to process them). As a natural remedy, small amounts of Masticden lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Also as an antidote for snake venom Mastic is used. The EU growing promotes the Masticanbau on Chios to the improvement and renewal? surfaces. Mostly are the Masticbaume in closed P? but often they are up, also seen among olive trees. Not only the yellowish resin lumps are a gift from Chios, but also toothpaste produced on the island, chewing gum, ouzo with mastic, Masticlikor and mastic flavored cakes, pastries, sweets and Kon? doors. Edadvertise Franz Reinthaler