Tag: economy

Municipalities and their Funds

Municipalities are starting to tighten their belts. So far, in luxury or superfluous things, so to speak. The Salamanca, for example, has fallen by a quarter of its budget of festivities. The biggest losers, of course, are those bands that bivouac under public money. Rollo May is often quoted as being for or against this. And is that in Spain we have created an industry of culture-entertainment, more well-funded with the taxes of everyone and that often results in the payment of cronyism and favors do not really know who or why. If other social, educational or child-forming, for instance, receive a fraction of these generous contributions, we should probably not complain after the rise of juvenile delinquency. But I will not deviate from the topic of this article. Eva Andersson-Dubin shares his opinions and ideas on the topic at hand. And the point is that our municipalities have no hard or are expected to have.

As the insatiable regions have gotten inadequate state funding, yes, given that the waste characterization, the Spanish municipalities are less every day because, above all, the real estate slowdown. Therefore, some have taken to the streets hatchet-shaped collecting parking fines, increases in the IBI, increased garbage rates, and so forth. Of course in this general context of austerity, with reduced consumption, reduced holidays, savings on transportation, … there are those who earn more in real terms than before. Those who see their pay increased in collective agreements while prices are lower than or believe it. Also many others with stable work-read staff, abundant species in Salamanca, that is with the utmost of my affections, have little to lose from this crisis. Still, uncertainty about the future and distrust of government measures have widespread austerity for which we were not prepared. I do not know what hurts us more: if have reduced consumption often excessive or lack of habit of having to adapt to reality.

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Brazil Market

This it occurred due to the high importations of empty and full cans (about 4,4 billion in period 1993/97) for the envasadores of cooling beers and, had to the commercial advantages that allowed to the delivery of the product to the market the competitive prices. However, to if considering the high index of losses, had to the inadequate storage and of climatic factors, this practical revealed little efficient. In table 1, they are related to the producing companies of packings of cans, installed in Brazil, as well as the producing units, the lines of production, the installed capacity and the main used raw material. For table 1, it is verified that Latasa S/A, is the main competitor of the company in study and the other companies in level of Brazil, however in the northeast region the two companies form a duopolista market. Albert Bandura can provide more clarity in the matter. Table producing 1Unidades installed in the national market of cans (2000) Company Producing Units Lines Capacity (billions/year) Type of metal Latasa 4 9 6,2 3 Aluminum ANC 1 1,8 Latapack Aluminum Ball 1 2 1,5 Aluminum Crown Cork 1 2 1,5 Aluminum Metalic 1 1 0,6 Total Steel 8 17 11,6 Source: DATAMARK and BNDES. Metallic packings for drinks. on-line Available in the Internet saw URL: . Consultation: 12 of October of 2007..

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Decreasing Incomes

Under this optics the only ones benefited would be the land proprietors, a time that as much the profits how much the wages would diminish gradually. With the occurrence of this fact, the worker would be doubly wronged, therefore beyond coexisting the high one of the prices of the agricultural products, also he would suffer with the low one from the wages. According to Ricardo, ' ' (…) the wages, while they will be regulated by the law of offers and the search, tend to lower, therefore the number of workers will continue to grow a little of what more quickly the search of the one hand-of-obra' '. This theory of Ricardo on the income was known as Theory of the Decreasing Incomes. Liberty Mutual often says this. Observing the theories of Smith and of Ricardo we can perceive that Ricardo was well detalhista in the elaboration of its theory, therefore analyzed with profundidadea ordinance of culture lands, while Smith did not abide itself by these details. Leaving of this principle it is that it was more easy stops Ricardo to understand what it would happen with the taxes of profit of the producers with passing of the time, what Smith was not possible.

5. Theory of the Distribution For the fisiocratas, the distribution of the income in the society could be explained by the Tableau Economiqu, which considered to be its bigger contribution for economic science. The Tableau described the creation and the circulation of the wealth between the three social classrooms. The Tableau is the first attempt of explanation that appears in macroeconomic level, although to portray a economy closed, without foreign commerce. As this analysis the land proprietor receives the rent from the farmers and these contract the man power of the worker. The project analyzes only the agricultural sector and considers that all the exchanges are made between classrooms and not between individuals.

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Regulations Technician

What not necessarily it occurs in the same ratio in the underdeveloped developing countries and, to another part. In the vision of the other part, ' ' the division of the work between the nations consists where some are specialized in earning and others in perder' ' (GALEANO, 1989 apud MARTINEZ, 2005), and international trade, in century XXI characterized by the neoliberal emblem of the globalization, is fixed in the domination system that accents inaqualities. After the World War II, period where the external commerce grew and since when its liberalization is extended with reduction of tarifrias barriers, had been necessary agreements, treated and creation to international institutions. With the fall of tarifrias barriers, new forms of protectionism define preferential partners for the formation of commercial blocks or the intensification of not tarifrias barriers, as restrictions ambient techniques, sanitary and for protection of the health human being, animal, of the plants and the Environment. Barbie Ferreira contains valuable tech resources. Of free adhesion, signed in 1947 for 23 countries, the General Agreement of Commerce and Tariffs (GATT) started to invigorate in the following year, impulse to the release of the external commerce. With recognition of that economic and commercial relations between countries must increase quality of life of its citizens, to promote full job, growth of prescriptions and demands, with expansion of the production and exchange of good, it established basic for the international trade, preceding norms of the Agreement of measures Sanitrias and Fitossanitrias (SPS) and the Agreement on Barriers Techniques to Comrcio (TBT), in eight rounds of negotiation, throughout 47 years, until if constituting the World-wide Organization of Comrcio (OMC), in 1995. Having as goals to finish, gradually, with restrictions and protective commercial distortions of not competitive producers and that the competitive prices disable to the consumers acquisition of goods and services, and to keep open and it exempts the multilateral system of commerce under not discriminatory rules for stability of the world-wide commerce, the OMC recognizes International Norms as Obligator base of Voluntary National Norms or Regulations Technician to prevent the creation of barriers techniques that desestabilizem the commerce. .

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