Kidney transplantation is the most common transplant in all ages and occurs when the patient’s kidneys, already not able to eliminate waste or excess fluids. Likewise, damaged kidneys, unable to control the minerals or electrolytes such as sodium and potassium. Nor have the ability to produce hormones that manage to maintain strong bones and healthy blood. As a result of all this, waste of they accumulate in the body, which makes blood pressure rises and the body retain excess fluid and does not produce enough red blood cells. The most popular cause of terminal kidney disease in the United States, is diabetes. However, many there are other reasons of terminal kidney disease and chronic renal failure. What happens in the operation is that the surgeon places the new kidney inside the lower part of the abdomen and connects the artery and vein of the new kidney artery and vein of the pelvis, so blood continues to circulate as the damaged kidney did previously. Subsequently, the urethra is connected to the vagina and ends operating properly.