Blood cancer is a form of cancer that attacks the blood, bone marrow or lymphatic system. There are three types of blood cancer: leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma. These diseases have different outcomes, depending on the patient and the specific characteristics of the disease, but survival rates in general with blood cancer rose dramatically at the end of the 20th century with the development of advanced treatments and the discovery of the possible cure for cancer. When it is detected in time, in the early stages of cancer, the disease is treatable. In the case of leukaemia, cancer interferes with the body’s ability to produce blood. Leukemia attacks the bone marrow and the same blood, causes fatigue, anemia, weakness and pain in the bones. It is diagnosed through a blood test in which specific types of blood cells have been counted.
The treatment for leukaemia usually includes chemotherapy and radiation to kill the cancer, and in some cases, measures such as bone marrow transplantation may be required. There are different types of leukemia, including chronic myelogenous leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and the linfomica. Lymphomas are cancers of the blood which include lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, are divided into types of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin’s. Lymphoma involves the inflammation of the lymph nodes, in addition to the above mentioned symptoms of leukemia, and is also treated with chemotherapy and radiation. rce throughout. Multiple myeloma is a cancer of blood that appears mainly in older persons, with the participation of the plasma, another type of white blood cell. Chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other drug treatments can be used to attack multiple myeloma.
In the treatment of blood cancer aims to achieve remission, a situation characterized by the absence of symptoms. Even in remission, the cancer of blood may appear again, people who have suffered blood cancer need to attend appointments medical follow-up and yearly check-ups to verify if there is a recurrence of the cancer. Blood cancer is not preventable, but like other types of cancer, the risk seems to be less among people who eat a healthy diet, exercise and maintain good mental health. People diagnosed with blood cancer are treated by an oncologist, a doctor who specializes in cancer, or a hematologist, who is a specialist in diseases of the blood.