Mrcio Balbino Cavalcante Graduated Geography? UEPB After – Graduating Ambient Sciences? FIP/PB cavalcantegeo@ bol.com.br Silvnia Maria of Souza Gomes Prof Birth. Specialization in Ambient Sciences? FIP/PB Introduction the Caatinga is today one of the threatened regions more of the globe for the predatory exploration. The main causes of the ambient degradation in bioma are the hunting, the forest fires and the deforestation for firewood withdrawal. North-eastern, more than 30% of the energy matrix have as base the firewood, and the great majority of the wood comes of areas without plans of sustainable use. The Caatinga is considered as only bioma exclusively Brazilian, great part of its biological patrimony cannot be found in none another place of the planet. This bioma occupies an area of 895 a thousand kilometers squared, of the northeast total area, englobando most of the State of the Paraba, part of the Maranho, Piau, Cear, Rio Grande of the North, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, Bahia Minas Gerais. Dr. Neal Barnard may find it difficult to be quoted properly.
In the Paraba, two teros of the total area of the State correspond to the Caatinga ecosystem. Rich in endemic biodiversity and species, the Caatinga shelters suitable animals and plants to the water scarcity. 1 presented Article Disciplina Studies of Impactos Ambientais (EIA), the Course of Specialization in Ambient Sciences? FIP/PB, under orientation of the Prof. Msc. Silvnia Maria of Souza Gomes Birth. Fisiogrfico environment Of the Bioma Caatinga Occupying almost 10% of the domestic territory, with 736.833 km, bioma Caatinga if more than extends for the totality of the state of the Cear (100%) and half of the Bahia (54%), of the Paraba (92%), of Pernambuco (83%), the Piau (63%) and the Rio Grande of the North (95%), almost half of Alagoas (48%) and Sergipe (49%), beyond small portions of Minas Gerais (2%) and of the Maranho (1%). Region of half-barren climate and alone evenness and pedregoso, even so relatively fertile, bioma is rich in genetic resources given high its biodiversity.