Tag: gardening

Biological Watermelon

With this construction rotation as does its primary – the phytosanitary – Biological function and eliminates the crops of vegetables and melons from excessive use of chemical herbicides. Compared with permanent cultivation of rational rotations infected plants pests and diseases is reduced at least by 2-4 times. Return the watermelon in the same place a year later made it possible to get fruit yield by 56% in two years – 28% in three years – 11% less than in the control rotation. Observations showed that after four years of a monoculture of watermelon Fusarium infected plants was about 64%. The majority of the farms south of Ukraine in rain-fed agriculture at the present time oriented to the production of food grains, oilseeds and gourds, or even just growing oilseeds (sunflower, rapeseed, mustard, flax).

This often leads to unacceptable soil depletion, violation of their phytosanitary condition, reducing the productivity of other crops in the rotation. Given the positive influence of a fallow field in the moisture balance and phytosanitary condition of crop rotation as a whole, the structure appropriate crops for at least 10% of the area take a black pair. For households who can not afford to allocate annually the area under the black couple, the technology of cultivation of watermelon in a couple of melon. PCRMs opinions are not widely known. Cultivation of watermelon with aisles and over 280 cm in the southern Ukraine has been called "vapor melons." With this technology, watermelon is grown with aisles between 280 and 350 cm, with an area of 2 m2 of plant nutrition, and mechanical processing on watermelon plants care to be around 90% of the area occupied by a couple in order to keep it clean from weeds in the state, the rational use of soil moisture. With the emergence of new forms of land ownership, downsizing of farms and land raspaevaniem increase in the number of highly specialized farms with a small area of land use. In this connection there was a need to develop the most optimal form the land of the organization through the introduction of specialized crop rotations with a short rotation. The optimal duration of such rotations should be a 4-pole (with varying from 3 to 5-pole).

This is due to the requirements for the placement of the cultures after the period of his predecessors and the preservation of cultures back to the previous place of cultivation, which for most of them is 3-4 years. But there is cultures (sunflower, melons, cruciferous, etc.) that can return to the previous place not earlier than 5-8 years. Therefore, the rotations korotkorotatsionnyh field where such crops are grown, should be divided into two parts, alternately, in each rotation, each of them to sow these crops. In crop rotations, where irrigation water is used with high salinity (2-3 g / l) should be administered, but perennial grasses, field crops, the best of winter, which require relatively small irrigation norm, as well as beets and corn AIM. Greens and radishes in a vegetable crop rotation can be grown in intermediate fields. In the irrigated lands south of Ukraine re-practiced potato summer planting, cucumber, color, and late cabbage, radish, radishes, green crops. Place them after the winter as green fodder, peas, early potatoes and cabbage. Vegetable crops sown in early spring, early on have a retractable predecessors. Many vegetable crop rotations are prefabricated field that have a culture of ripening: peppers, eggplant, tomato or early cabbage and potatoes, etc. Since perennial grasses are the best 08/06 dipole rotations, no grass – 5-6 dipole. Melons should be placed in a field of 5-7-pole rotation.

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Rhubarb: Useful Petioles

Nowadays it is a vegetable and herb gardeners few forgotten. Perhaps because of its immense of size or simply because the problem becomes a place of rest and vegetables it is given less space. Although rhubarb and huge, but, unlike the capricious tomatoes and cucumbers, quite unpretentious. Can grow in the sun with little shade, in hills and .Dlya rhubarb prefer sandy soils with high content organics. However, it will grow in any soil, but yields will be much less.

A crop of rhubarb – it's fleshy petioles, which are harvested from mid-May to July / So, all in order. Since the rhubarb starts to move into growth very early, put it in the fall. For this to take the mother plant roots with 2-3 eyes. These roots need to dry a bit, then land a permanent position. It should be noted that rhubarb does not like waterlogged and can not stand close groundwater: roots may rot. Deepened the roots into the soil so peony – buried buds only 2-3 cm and on heavy soils and does should be placed at ground level. If you add in the hole re-prevshy manure leaves will actively grow. With good care bush rhubarb in one place can give a full harvest of at least 15 years.

As the plant develops a strong foliage, it is necessary each year to feed: sprinkle on surface of the soil humus in the autumn or spring. To get big, juicy stalks, rhubarb is removed from the buds as soon as they become available. This is done to ensure that flowers are not picked up the plant a lot of nutrients. Through a couple of years after planting begins collecting petioles: first cut off no more than 3-5 leaves, so as not to weaken the roots. The leaves are desirable to twist so as not to damage the kidneys on the roots of which later grow new leaves. But when careful harvesting can and cut a small thin knife. Petioles are separated from the leaves and cooked compote of them as well as dried fruits. And the leaves are sent to the compost pile. Medicinal properties of rhubarb are that it gentle and easy for the stomach laxative. As a laxative powder of rhubarb root is used in doses from 0,5 to 2 g at night or in the form of decoction in 0,5 glass. If the dosage is smaller, the effect will be opposite. Witch doctors advise just chew on stalks to get the desired effect.

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