When you disturb the water and sanitation services or large numbers of people homeless. risks in the medium and long term can encompass a range of disorders and diseases such as malnutrition, communicable diseases and mental disorders. Consequently, the health sector should participate in multisectoral planning processes, implementation, and evaluation of risk management in relation to disasters. Health, disasters and development. The role of educational institutions The Pan American Health Organization, PAHO / WHO has urged member countries to strengthen their programs of preparation for health emergencies. The importance attached to the issue of disasters and their relationship to health in the curricula of educational institutions, especially in the curricula of the medical career, and related Health, is an indicator of a country's commitment to long term. Incorporating the theme of Health and Disasters in the curricula of training institutions of human resources in health has evolved considerably in recent years. The work promoted by PAHO / WHO has been developed in each country by the ministries of health and some of the most representative national universities.

In fact, the academic world's attention should not focus only on the high visibility disasters that are served by highly specialized equipment. In most countries, health workers are poorly or inadequately prepared to cope with emergencies of lesser magnitude but occur more frequently, which is the responsibility of training institutions to prepare them to confront and ultimately prevent the effects of less visible crisis affecting the health of their communities. It is recognized that universities are institutions of excellence made in each country the scientific contribution to the identification of needs, clarification of terminology, deepening and updating of concepts and research of the facts relevant health.