Osava (apud Moura, 2007) sample that from century XX, in the decade of 40, had a significant increase of internments in the childbirth depriving of characteristics it as a natural phenomenon of a physiological process, taking to suffer it to it to interventions from health professionals, that they had started to medicalizar the women and to move away them from its familiar ones during the parturio process, becoming them submissas, making with that they lost its privacy and autonomy, being separate of its family, and submitted to the institucional norms. ‘ ‘ The life history disclosed serious obstacles to the quality of the obsttrica assistance that, analyzed to the light of the humanizao had been identified as desrespeitosas, negligent and violent attitudes, having to be banished of the care field sade’ ‘. (MOURA; MAGALHES, 2004 P. 3) On the other hand, the Obsttrica Nursing, in its field of performance, has as attribution to give assistance to the woman in the parturio process and to be next to it, carrying through action direct and passive that is to observe and to protect; indirect that it is to manage with participation more effective, taking decisions and influencing the action and the behavior of the woman so that is offered to a solidary and obsttrico care (BARROS & IT HISSES, 2004). Intercorrncias in the Childbirth the puerperal infection and the perineal trauma are intercorrncias that can exist during or after the work of normal childbirth. However, in a carried through study 10,559 normal childbirths had been evaluated, concluded that only 0.16% had presented puerperal infection during the childbirth work.