Origins of the philosophy In century VII B.C. the jnicas colonies of Lesser Asia, although pursued for the Persian empire, live a great economic, social and cultural development. The commerce with other regions of the civilized world of the time (Babilnia, Egypt, Greece and Magna Greece and Fencia) allows a flow of products never before seen. Merchants of all the races and saying sets of ten of languages circulate for the roads, binding the cities, ships of all the nationalities arrive at the ports. New ideas, new techniques and new religions daily are brought the cities of the Jnia, having increased the knowledge of its inhabitants on other cultures and teaching them to relativize it the proper certezas.
The instructed, generally on classroom to the commerce to the cultural politics and activities, develops a critical sense and a spirit of healthful skepticism, characteristic of cosmopolitas cultures. The traditional religion Greek already does not present plus a reply for that society, front all to that cultural multiplicity, and, together with the introduction of new sciences as the mathematics, geometry and astronomy, the instructed classroom, start to analyze the universe under another optics, substituting the mythical stories for the rational thought. Some authors call this fact ‘ ‘ the miracle of the thought grego’ ‘: for the first time in history occidental person, the man starts to analyze the universe, its functioning and its origin, from rational data, based in analysis and in the thought, without any resource to the religious tradition. 4.A philosophy if develops the old jnica school the first philosopher was Tales de Mileto, that lived in the understood period enters the end of century VII and middle of century VI B.C. Tales probably did not leave written workmanship, and everything that if knows of its transmitted thought foiz us through the indirect verbal tradition. Beyond thinker, Tales also was scientist and detached politician, belonging, possibly, the most supplied families of Mileto.